What is artificial intelligence? How is it different from human intelligence? (2023)

Since its introduction as part of science fiction, artificial intelligence has made great strides towards reality. A variety of smart devices are now available, including, to name just a few examples, autonomous vehicles, intelligent virtual assistants, chatbots and surgical robots. The rise of artificial intelligence (AI) to the status of a dominant technology in today's business world and an integral part of the everyday life of the common man has sparked a dispute between AI and human intelligence.

Although the purpose of artificial intelligence is to design and build intelligent computers capable of performing human-like activities, we cannot help but wonder if AI is sufficient on its own or Not.

Perhaps the biggest concern is that artificial intelligence will “replace” and trick humans in a few years. On the other hand, this is not entirely correct. While artificial intelligence (AI) has come a long way in recent years (computers can now learn from their mistakes and make intelligent decisions), AI will never be able to reach its full potential until it taps into innate human traits falls back, such as intuition.

Let's delve deeper into the discussion between human intelligence and artificial intelligence to better understand the differences between the two and how they relate to each other.


  • 1 Artificial Intelligence vs. Human Intelligence: Definition
    • 1.1 What is artificial intelligence?
    • 1.2 What is human intelligence?
  • 2 Artificial Intelligence vs. Human Intelligence: A Comparison
    • 2.1 Nature
    • 2.2 Operation
    • 2.3 Learning Power
  • 3 What AI cannot do without: the human factor.
  • 4 Artificial Intelligence vs. Human Intelligence: What Will the Future Bring?
  • 5 Frequently Asked Questions
    • 5.1 What can AI not do without the human factor?
    • 5.2 What does the future of artificial intelligence look like?
  • 6 closing
(Video) 10 differences between artificial intelligence and human intelligence

Artificial Intelligence vs. Human Intelligence: Definition

What is artificial intelligence?

A subfield of data science known as artificial intelligence focuses on the development of intelligent computers capable of performing a variety of activities that would normally require the intellect and cognition of a human. These intelligent machines are equipped with the ability to learn from experience and historical data, assess the environments in which they find themselves, and act accordingly.

Computer Science, Cognitive Science, Linguistics, Psychology, Neurology, and Mathematics are just some of the fields that have contributed to the development of Artificial Intelligence (AI), which is an interdisciplinary field of study.

What is human intelligence?

The term "human intelligence" refers to the human intellectual ability, which enables us to think, acquire knowledge from a variety of experiences, understand and apply difficult conceptsLogicand reasoning, solving mathematical problems, recognizing patterns, making inferences and decisions, remembering information and communicating with others.

What distinguishes the human intellect from that of other species is that it is fueled by abstract emotions such as confidence, passion, and motivation. These feelings enable people to successfully complete difficult cognitive tasks.

(Video) Artificial intelligence vs Human intelligence

Artificial Intelligence vs. Human Intelligence: A Comparison

The following is a direct comparison between human intelligence and artificial intelligence:


The goal of artificial intelligence is to create computers that can emulate human behavior and perform human-like actions, while the goal of human intelligence is to adapt to new environments by utilizing a combination of different cognitive processes. The human brain works on an analogue plane while computers work on a digital plane.


Computers with artificial intelligence rely on specific data and instructions given to the system, while humans rely on the processing power, memory, and logical abilities of the brain.

learning power

Learning from a variety of past experiences and events is at the heart of what constitutes human intelligence. It is about gaining wisdom through experience, that is, through the process of making mistakes and learning from them. Human intelligence can be divided into two main components: intelligent cognition and intelligent behavior. However, artificial intelligence lags far behind other areas in this aspect, since robots cannot think.

They can learn from data and through constant training, but they will never be able to execute the unique thought process that only humans possess. Even when AI-based systems are able to perform some high-level tasks, it can take years to become proficient with a whole new set of skills appropriate for a new application domain.

(Video) Artificial Intelligence vs. Humans

Take online Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) courses offered by some of the most prestigious universities in the world, where you can earn a master's degree, participate in executive graduate programs, or earn an advanced certificate in ML and AI can acquire.

What AI cannot do without: the human factor.

The discussion between human intelligence and artificial intelligence is not balanced. Although AI has been instrumental in the development of intelligent robots that can beat humans in some areas (e.g. AlphaGo and DeepBlue), these machines still have a long way to go before they can match the capabilities of the human brain. AI systems are designed and trained to copy and emulate human behavior; However, they are not able to make logical judgments in the same way as humans.

The ability of AI systems to make decisions is largely based on events, the data they are trained on, and how different data points are linked to a particular event. AI computers just can't grasp the idea of ​​"cause and effect" because they lack common sense. A data scientist at SQL Services named Nick Burns put it well when he said, "No matter how smart your models are, they're only as good as your data...".

The ability to learn new things and use that information along with their logic, reasoning, and understanding is what sets humans apart from all other species. Real-world situations require a holistic approach that is logical, reasonable, and emotional, designed specifically for people.

Artificial intelligence vs. human intelligence: what does the future hold?

At the moment, AI is still growing and progressing. It takes a long time to train AI systems, making it impossible for these systems to learn on their own without human interaction. All forms of artificial intelligence, including autonomous vehicles and robotics, as well as more complex technologies such as natural language processing and image processing, rely on the human intellect.

(Video) Can Artificial Intelligence (AI) Replace Human Intelligence?

Right now, the most important application of AI that is rapidly spreading in the industry is automation. In a study published by the World Economic Forum (WEF) in 2018, the Swiss think tank predicts that artificial intelligence will eliminate 75 million jobs worldwide by 2022 and create 133 million new jobs. New job profiles require specialized skills related to data science, such as B. Familiarity with mathematics and statistics as well as machine learning methods, knowledge of programming, data mining, data disputes, engineering software and data visualization.

Currently, companies adopting big data and data science technologies have qualified professionals on their team, such as ML engineers, data scientists, data engineers, etc., who are familiar with the ins and outs of AI and machine learning. The value that can be derived from Big Data is directly proportional to the level of knowledge of the subject and the versatility of the relevant experts.

frequently asked questions

What AI cannot do without: the human factor?

While artificial intelligence has been instrumental in the development of intelligent robots that can outperform humans in some areas (like AlphaGo and DeepBlue), these robots still have a long way to go before they can match the capabilities of the human brain. AI systems, although built and trained to copy and mimic human behavior, are incapable of making logical judgments. This is despite the fact that these systems are designed to replicate and mimic human behavior. The ability of AI systems to make judgments is highly dependent on the instances they were trained on, the data they were exposed to, and how they are tied to a particular instance. Artificial intelligence (AI) machines cannot grasp the idea of ​​“cause and effect” due to a lack of common sense.

What does the future of artificial intelligence look like?

AI development is still in its infancy. Training AI systems requires a significant amount of time and is not possible without human help. Everything from autonomous vehicles and robotics to cutting-edge technologies like natural language processing and image analysis depends on the human intellect. Today, automation is the most common application of artificial intelligence (AI), which is rapidly gaining popularity in the industry. By 2022, artificial intelligence is expected to eliminate 133 million jobs worldwide and create 75 million new jobs.

(Video) Human vs. Artificial Intelligence: Key Similarities and Differences | Philip Hilm | TEDxYouth@Prague


AI is proving to be a useful tool in transforming the industry, and in the not too distant future, automation and intelligent workflows will be the norm across all areas of the business. And despite the fact that AI has gotten pretty good at mimicking intelligent behavior, it still can't mimic the way humans think.

It is highly doubtful that we will be able to build computers that can "think" like humans in the near future, as scientists and researchers still do not fully understand the mystery behind the human thought process. In short, human capabilities will have a significant impact on the development of AI in the future. It is complemented by the intellect and consciousness of people.


What is artificial intelligence in short answer? ›

Artificial intelligence is the simulation of human intelligence processes by machines, especially computer systems. Specific applications of AI include expert systems, natural language processing, speech recognition and machine vision.

What is artificial human intelligence? ›

Artificial intelligence (AI) refers to the simulation of human intelligence in machines that are programmed to think like humans and mimic their actions. The term may also be applied to any machine that exhibits traits associated with a human mind such as learning and problem-solving.

How is artificial intelligence better than human intelligence justify with an example? ›

These AI-driven applications have higher speed of execution, have higher operational ability and accuracy, while also highly significant in tedious and monotonous jobs compared to humans. On the contrary, Human Intelligence relates to adaptive learning and experience.

What is the main point of difference between human and machine intelligence? ›

3. What's the main point of difference between human & machine intelligence? Explanation: Humans have emotions & thus form different patterns on that basis, while a machine(say computer) is dumb & everything is just a data for him.

What is artificial intelligence with examples? ›

Apple's Siri, Google Now, Amazon's Alexa, and Microsoft's Cortana are one of the main examples of AI in everyday life. These digital assistants help users perform various tasks, from checking their schedules and searching for something on the web, to sending commands to another app.

What is artificial intelligence with examples essay? ›

Artificial Intelligence is the theory and development of computers, which imitates the human intelligence and senses, such as visual perception, speech recognition, decision-making, and translation between languages. Artificial Intelligence has brought a revolution in the world of technology.


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