What is intelligence?- Introduction to psychology [lumen/openstax] (2023)

learning goals

  • Explains the tribody theory of intelligence
  • Explain the theory of several intelligence

A four and a half -year -old boy sits with his father on the kitchen table, who reads a new story loudly. Warte, Papa! "Show the words on the new page and read out loud:" Go, pork! Come on! "The fatherStays and looks at his son. "Can you read this?" He asks. "Yes, father!" And he points to the words and says again: "Go, pork! We will! 🇧🇷

This father did not actively teach his child to read, although the child constantly asked questions about letters, words and symbols that they saw everywhere: in the car, in the shop, on television. Papa wondered what could understand his son the most,And decided to ask him to read the words. "Mother, father, dog, bird, bed, truck, car, tree", he read and slowed down to pronounce carefullyVogelyTRUCK.So, "I did it, father?" "You definitely did it! That is very good." The father hugged his son warmly and read the story about the pig while he was wondering if the skills of hisSones an indication of an extraordinary intelligence or simply a normal standard for linguistic development. In this example, psychologists wondered what makes intelligence and how they can be measured.

Intelligence classification

What exactly is intelligence? The way researchers defined the concept of intelligence has been changed several times since the birth of psychology. The British psychologist Charles Spearman believed that the intelligence consisted of a general factorGramaThis could be measured and compared between individuals, and how Aristotle had a similar opinion (Cianciono and Sternberg, 2004).

Other psychologists believe that intelligence is a collection of different skills instead of a single factor., 1963).It is characterized as a acquired knowledge and the ability to restore it. The learning, remembering and remembering information use crystallized intelligence..It covers the ability to recognize complex relationships and solve problems. Observe their way home after they have been redirected to an unknown route based on their fluid intelligence.Challenges in their daily life, while crystallized intelligence helps them to overcome concrete and direct problems (Cattell, 1963).

Other theorists and psychologists believe that intelligence has to be defined more.Excellent party trick to recite, but do you know that a better person?

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Robert Sternberg developed a different intelligence theory that has the title "the title"Because you see the intelligence that consists of three parts (Sternberg, 1988): practical, creative and analytical intelligence (Figure 1).

What is intelligence?- Introduction to psychology [lumen/openstax] (1)

As suggested by Sternberg, it is sometimes compared to "Street Smarts".Qi understanding to be separated who receive a high practical score that may have comparable values in creative and analytical intelligence (Sternberg, 1988).

This story about the shooting of Virginia Tech 2007 shows high and low practical intelligence. During the incident, a student left his class to look for soda in an adjacent building.Earlier had left, now chained inside. This was the armed man exposed. Conger they did not shot him. On the other side, some students went the campus when they heard near Schüssen. A friend said: "Let us see himAnd see what's going on. "Another student said: "Under no circumstances do we have to escape the shots."They had exactly that. They had a low practical intelligence. The student who encouraged her friend to escape the sound of shots would have a much greater practical intelligence.

It is closely with the solution and calculations of the academic problem. It is necessary to compare the reasons for the main characters of the book or to analyze the historical context of history.Body used different minerals in different human systems. When developing an understanding of this problem, it uses analytical intelligence. The solution of a challenging mathematical problem would use analytical intelligence to analyze various aspects of the problem and then solve the section according to section.


Test your analytical intelligence with the prisoner's hat puzzle:

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You couldSee the protocol of "Can you solve the prison hat Riddle?- Alex Gendler" here (opens in the new window).

It is characterized by inventing or imagining a solution for a problem or a situation. The creativity in this area can find a new solution for an unexpected problem or the production of a beautiful work of art or a very developed short story.Before you camp with some friends in the forest and recognize that you have forgotten your Camp Cafeteria. The person in your group, who discovered a way to prepare success for everyone, is attributed to higher creative intelligence.

It was developed by Howard Gardner, Harvard Psychologist and former student of Erik Erikson.One person usually stands out in some of these eight intelligence and hesitates others (Gardner, 1983). The next account contains any kind of intelligence.

Several intelligence
IntelligencefeaturesRepresentative career
Linguistic intelligenceTake different functions of language, sounds and meanings of words, you can easily learn several languagesJournalist, writer, poet, teacher
Logical mathematical intelligenceAble to see numerical patterns, to use strong ability, reason and logicScientists, mathematicians
Musical intelligenceUnderstand and enjoy the rhythm, sound and sound; you can touch different instruments or act as a singerComposer, artist
Body intelligence of kinestheticsHigh ability to control body movements and use the body to perform various physical tasksDancer, athlete, sports trainer, yoga teacher
Spatial intelligenceAbility to perceive the relationship between objects and its movement in spaceChoreographer, sculptor, architect, pilot, sailor
Interpersonal intelligenceAbility to understand and be sensitive to the various emotional conditions of othersDirector, social worker, seller
Intrapersonelle intelligenceAbility to access personal feelings and motivations and use them to steer the behavior and achieve personal goalsComponents -Chave of personal success over time
Naturalistic intelligenceHigh ability to appreciate the natural world and to interact with species in itBiologist, environmentalist, environmentalist

Gardner's theory is relatively new and needs additional research to create better empirical support. At the same time, your ideas require the traditional idea of intelligence to include a broader spectrum of skills, although Gardner simply lasted what other theorists as "cognitive styles"Below" intelligence "(Morgan, 1996).

Gardner's inter- and intrapersonal intelligence are often combined in one type: emotional intelligence.It includes the ability to understand your own and the emotions of others, to show empathy, to understand relationships and social information, to regulate your own emotions and to react culturally (Parker, Sawlofske and Stagh, 2009).People with high emotional intelligence generally have well -developed social skills.Some researchers, including Daniel Goleman, the author ofEmotional intelligence: Why can I import more than QiHe argues that emotional intelligence is a better predictor of success than traditional intelligence (Goleman, 1995) .Motional intelligence has been widely discussed, with researchers pointing inconsistencies to the definition and description as well as the results of studies on difficult measurement and learningAsk (Locke, 2005; Mayer, Salovey & & & & & & & & & & & & & A & Caruso, 2004)

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Intelligence can also have different meanings and values in different cultures. If they live on a small island on which most people fishing on boats, it is important to know how to fish and how to repair a boat.If it were probably their classmates as smart. If I would also experience in the boat repair, their intelligence could be known on the entire island. Piça in the culture of their own family. What are the values for Latin families? Italian families? Irish? Irish?Families, hospitality and tell a funny story are cultural brands. If they are a qualified narrator, other members of Irish culture will probably consider him intelligent.

Some cultures give a high value to work together as collectively. In these cultures, the importance of the group replaces the importance of individual performance. The visit of this culture is to what extent the values of this culture refers to illustrate their culture, which are sometimes culturalCompetence is called.

think about it

What influence does emotional intelligence play in your personal life?

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What is intelligence in psychology definition? ›

Intelligence is the ability to think, to learn from experience, to solve problems, and to adapt to new situations. Intelligence is important because it has an impact on many human behaviours.

What is intelligence Short answer? ›

Intelligence can be defined as the ability to solve complex problems or make decisions with outcomes benefiting the actor, and has evolved in lifeforms to adapt to diverse environments for their survival and reproduction.

What is intelligence in psychology PDF? ›

Intelligence is the ability to learn from experience and to adapt to, shape, and select environments. Intelligence as measured by (raw scores on) conventional standardized tests varies across the lifespan, and also across generations.

What is Introduction to psychology from Lumen learning? ›

This comprehensive, ready-to-adopt Introduction to Psychology course provides thorough coverage of all topics covered in a typical introductory course, including biological psychology, cognitive psychology, developmental psychology, social and personality psychology, and mental and physical health.

What is intelligence introduction? ›

Intelligence enables humans to experience and think. Intelligence is different from learning. Learning refers to the act of retaining facts and information or abilities and being able to recall them for future use, while intelligence is the cognitive ability of someone to perform these and other processes.

What is intelligence according to David Wechsler? ›

He described intelligence as “the global capacity of a person to act purposefully, to think rationally, and to deal effectively with his environment.” He developed the Wechsler-Bellevue Intelligence Scale, which quickly became the most widely used adult intelligence test in the United States.


1. Introduction to Psychology - Chapter 3 - Biopsychology
(KVCC-TLC Psychology and Social Sciences)
2. PSYC 101 - Psychology 2e, Chapter 1
(Richard Granstaff)
3. General Psychology - Lecture 1: Introduction
(Aqualus Gordon)
4. Faculty Perspective: Waymaker Introduction to Psychology
(Lumen Learning)
5. PSY 101 : Memory
(Lasegue Psychology)
6. PSY 101 : Motivation and Emotion
(Lasegue Psychology)


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